Karl gerat mortar
Seven of these howitzers were produced and 6 were used in combat across the European theater. Even so it could only fire at a rate of 1 shot every ten minutes. Along with this the Karl-Gerat was not as effective as planned. Because of this the Karl-Gerat had limited success despite being used extensively throughout the war. In two Karl-Gerats were captured by American forces and brought to the United States where they were broken down for scrap, and five others were captured by the Russian army.
One of the Karl-Gerats was brought to Kubinka. The fate of the others are unknown. Potts, JR. View all posts by Josh Ralston. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account.
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Email required Address never made public. Name required. Post to Cancel.Includes detailed exterior, metal axles, and photo-etched parts. Metal axis and springs. Photo-etched parts: 95 X mm for Karl Engine mesh cover and collar, another 75 X 46 mm for carrier handles. Full detailed interior torsion bar, separated suspension, folding side platform, optional long exhaust pipes, elevating main gun, optional 60cm and 54 cm barrel with rifling and shells, also include railway. View the discussion thread.
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Related contents In the same category. WWII Tactics. New expansions. Soviets are coming!!!!! Same author contributions.Its heaviest munition was a 60 cm 24 in diameter, 2, kg 4, lb shell, and the range for its lightest shell of 1, kg 2, lb was just over 10 km 6.
Each gun had to be accompanied by a crane, a heavy transport trailer, and several modified tanks, notably Panzer IVs, as ammunition carriers. It first appeared in Girls und Panzer der Film. Based on the assumption that the heaviest available artillery weapons were insufficient to knock out strong fortifications such as the French Maginot Lineat the end of Rheinmetall started the first steps towards creating a super-heavy mortar.
In March they sent the Waffenamt a report on design possibilities for such a weapon, this conceptual design being a dug-in weapon. After the initial discussions and proposed sketches, in OctoberRheinmetall was contracted to design a super-heavy mortar in accordance with the specifications issued by Waffenamt.
As a result of various meetings and following the specifications issued earlier, in JanuaryRheinmetall presented a preliminary proposal to Wa Prw 4 which described the weapon as an emplaced gun, transported as individual loads of 9 tons each on seven or eight transport vehicles.
It was also determined during the design development that it would take considerably longer than 6 hours to assemble the weapon in a firing position. In order to avoid assembly work at the firing position, Rheinmetall proposed that the gun be mounted on a self-propelled fully tracked chassis. This self-propelled chassis was designed to include machinery to lower the chassis onto its belly in order to provide a stable platform at the firing position. With the use of these devices, the time required to get the weapon into action was reduced to half an hour, compared to the design requirement of 6 hours.
Recoil energy from firing was significantly reduced by incorporating a carriage recoil mechanism, any remaining horizontal energy was absorbed by a spade. Based on the faster time to bring the weapon into action, dropping the excavation work for a platform at the firing position, and eliminating the need for separate load-carrying vehicles, in February the Waffenamt allowed further design development as a self-propelled gun.
In a meeting on March 9 th, General Becker head of Wa Prw 4 reviewed the detailed proposal showing the current status of development work. The Waffenamt agreed with the basic form so that work could begin on the detailed construction drawings.
Due to tactical considerations General Becker held the view that several weapons were to be employed together for engaging enemy armored emplacements.
German Super-Heavy Self-Propelled Mortar 60cm Mörser Karl Gerät 040
Therefore, it was ordered that six additional Gerate weapons were to be produced along with the Versuchsgeraet trial vehicle. In accordance with orders, Nr. VII was to receive a smaller caliber weapon. Exactly when Geraet Nr. VII Versuchs-Geraet was completed is not known, it was scheduled to be completed in May and was reported as being used by the Waffenamt to create firing tables in September No additional Geraet were produced. Rheinmetall-Borsig was again contracted to design the new mortar with a range up to Geraet Nr.Men of War Assault Squad 2 - 100 600MM KARL-GERÄT vs SOVIET ASSAULT - Editor Scenario #51
The status of development, reported on July st; was that the design was finished and that the weapon was almost ready for testing. In addition to the gun tube for the Versuchs-Geraetan order was also placed to produce six 54cm Rohre 41 54cm gun tubes to be mounted on the already available six Geraete I, IV and V, although any vehicle could be converted to use the smaller weapon.
In Octoberthe Rheinmetall-Borsig project to design a Munitionsschlepper was authorized. The Munitionsschlepper with the electrically driven Wippkran was to deliver shells with the associated charges and cartridge casings to the firing position.
The chassis, obtained from the Panzer IV production series, was equipped with a superstructure with electric Wippkranammunition box for four shells, and crew seats mounted at the rear. The longest reach for the Wippkran arm was selected, so that a shell could be directly transferred from the Munitionsschlepper to the loading tray on the Geraet while in a firing position.
Karl-Gerät Self Propelled Siege Mortar / Karl-Gerät Selbstfahrender Belagerungsmörtel
The shells were picked up by a special shell gripper which was stowed on the right front of the munitionsschlepper. At the time of their request the JSF had yet to reach a verdict on whether or not they would approve the acquisition and usage of such equipment. Another advantage of the heavy automazation is the considerable reduction in the number of crew needed to operate the Karl, dropping from 21 to a mere 2.
Furthermore, 2 additional crewcompartments with direct vision slots for its 2 operators were added and can be seen on the fenders at the rear of the vehicle when it is turning to face its attackers. It was used during the early stages of the match before being defeated by the Acorn Platoon. The All-Stars University Team sited it in the middle of a dense forest away from the main battle zone, guarded by a platoon of three M26 Pershings.German Siege Mortar originally designed to attack the Maginot Line.
It had a top speed of 6 mph and was supported on eight roadwheels each side. It had a new design of suspension with eleven roadwheel stations each side. Both designs of torsion bar suspension were adjustable to allow the vehicle chassis to be lowered to the ground for maximum rigidity when firing.
The vehicles could move short distances under their own power using their HP Daimler-Benz MB 12 cylinder V fuel-injected engines but travelled by rail over longer distances. They were then moved either slung between special rail bogies, when the combined weight rose to tonnes, or loaded on large flat cars.
The two vehicles were delivered after the fall of France and instead saw service on the Eastern Front. They were particularly successful during the siege of the Maxim Gorki forts at Sevastopol inand also at Brest-Litovsk.
During and four further vehicles were ordered using the same chassis design as Karl II. In order to fulfil a requirement to extend the range of the mortar, an extra barrel was manufactured for each of the six vehicles.
This was longer but had the calibre reduced to 54cm. The 60cm and 54cm barrels were used in the same vehicles at different times. It is a combination of two vehicles.
Its chassis is of the second design, with eleven roadwheels per side, and it mounts the shorter 60cm mortar. Alan Wilson By: Alan Wilson. Kubinka, Moscow Oblast, Russia. Taken on August 24, Some rights reserved.Delivery of the six production vehicles took place from November to August In Februarydiscussions commenced. The 60cm and 54cm barrels appear to have been interchanged as required. They saw action at various sites, including Lemburg in that year. The best known action was against Sevastopol in Later, four guns were issued to the rd schwere Artillerie Abteilung mot.
These guns had the names Adam, Eve 1st Batt. The fully tracked self-propelled carriage moves into position, Russia seen here from the rear It had a ground pressure of only 1.
With an opened flat wedge breech the electrically driven mechanical loader pushes the shell into the massive barrel, dropped into its horizontal loading position. Notice the extremely thick base plate, which must withstand gas pressure of at.
Specific features : The prototype chassis, built inhad eight road wheels with external swing arms. Ammunition was transported in a tracked Munitionsschlepper converted from the PzKpfw IV, four rounds in each Schlepper.
Maximum rate of the fire was 6 rph rounds per hour. Right side of the "Ziu" mortar. The upper carriage has a double return for the barrel and the carriage, which have a respective movement of 92cm and 78cm. The four barrel recoil braking mechanisms develop a braking pressure of t : the two braking mechanisms for the carriage build a pressure of t.
The barrel and the carriage each have two counter-recoil mechanism, which pressure increases from 60 at. The 1. A large gap was left between the carriage and the engine compartment Maschinenraum at the front of the vehicle so that the entire carriage could recoil.
Panzer Tracts. Created by One35th - Are you arrive at this page through a link from another site or search engine? Click here to go to one35th main index page. The carriage has already sunk down onto it eleven return rollers and the ammunition carrier has pulled alongside - within ten minutes the mortar will be ready for firing.
The 2. The loading tray with rammer was mounted onto rear of the gun carriage.Heavy mortars are large-calibre mortars designed to fire a relatively heavy shell on a high angle trajectory. Such weapons have a relatively short range, but are usually less complex than similar calibre field artillery. This category includes the "Trench Mortars" of World War I which were all too heavy and cumbersome, and hence lacked the mobility, to be classed as infantry mortars.
Designed and developed by Rheinmetall between andsix of these seven powerful mortars were used during Operation Barbarossa, on the Eastern Front, taking part in the siege of Brest Fortress, the siege of Sevastopol, and the siege of Warsaw during the Polish uprising.
Thor had a 5. It moved on tracks and was powered by a Daimler-Benz MB C diesel engine, delivering horsepower; for long distances it was transported by railways. Thor fired 2,kg concrete piercing shells to a range of 6.
United States. Coehorn mortar M. Mortier de mm T Mle Fabry. Newton 6 inch Mortar. Vafa mortar. Patria Vammas M Dumezil-Batignolles Mortier de mm. Mortier Negrei calibrul mm Model Kingdom of Romania.
Mortier de 12 Gribeauval. Kingdom of France. Soviet Union. Mortier de Schneider.The Gerat series of howitzers are the largest self-propelled guns to have ever seen military service.
Credit: Image from the Public Domain. The howitzer became the largest self-propelled gun ever built and used in combat. Despite its size and available firepower, the system had all the inherent weaknesses of all previous large-caliber cannon platforms to which its combat usefulness was questionable.
Hitler was always ready to invest resources into new weapon systems if they had great destructive potential and could terrorize his enemies. The V-2 rocket and the heavy water project that would have lead to an Atomic bomb were two other such projects. Inthe munitions designer and builder Rheinmetall made a proposal to the German High Command for a super heavy howitzer capable of destroying the defenses of the Maginot Line defending France from German invasion.
On paper this was no easy feat for the defensive line stretching along the French eastern border between Germany and Italy was a formidable one and constructed based on French experiences garnered in World War 1. This defensive line ranged between 20 to 25 kilometers deep and was built with a complex system of strong points including 34 turrets of mm gun emplacements, concrete fortifications, 19 turrets of mm motors, barricades, 61 machine gun turrets providing overlapping and concentrated fire, 17 turrets of mm guns and the like.
Hitler knew that war was coming and his first strike would be to the West. The order was given to build the before Germany had officially committed to war but Hitler went ahead and attacked early when world events seemingly gave him the advantage. Thusly, the new howitzers were not made ready in time for the German Blitzkrieg against Poland and France. As it turned out, the French Army was not as formidable as their Maginot Line and the fortifications were quickly dispatched by standard German armor and infantry.
Patton was once quoted as saying "If mountains and oceans can be overcome then anything man has made can be also be overcome". How true it proved for these French defenders. Seven Karl-Gerat howitzers were ultimately manufactured. In charge of the weapons program was General Karl Becker, a German weapons engineer and artillery general. He promoted close ties between the German military and scientists for weapons development. Due to his leadership in the development process of this particular gun, his men named the weapon after him.
The Rheinmetall factory delivered the six production vehicles the seventh was held in reserve for testing from November to August All six of these guns saw action across the war's many fronts.