Network analysis of local territorial systems in the salento region, italy

Lorenzo Mizzau, Charles Conteh, More about this item Statistics Access and download statistics Corrections All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors.

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network analysis of local territorial systems in the salento region, italy

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Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services. Economic literature: papersarticlessoftwarechaptersbooks. FRED data. Registered: Caterina Ferrario. Abstract This article uses the concept of institutional thickness to describe key features of the local governance of economic development. For this purpose, a methodology for the empirical assessment of institutional thickness is developed and applied to the case of Birmingham, England. The results from this empirical analysis are threefold.

First, they make it possible to draw some conclusions on the role that local governments can play to promote local economic development. Second, they suggest that institutional thickness is a useful organizing concept for analyses of the local governance of economic development. Finally, they demonstrate the value of bapi in sap sd verifiable and replicable methodology for the detection and measurement of local institutional conditions and of governance arrangements.

‘Institutional Thickness’: Local Governance and Economic Development in Birmingham, England

More about this item Statistics Access and download statistics. Corrections All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. Louis Fed. Help us Corrections Found an error or omission? RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.Transportation networks are a framework of routes linking locations. The structure of any region corresponds to a network of all its economic and social interactions.

Transportation systems are commonly represented using networks as an analogy for their structure and flows. Transport networks belong to the wider category of spatial networks because their design and evolution are physically constrained as opposed to non-spatial networks such as social interactions, corporate organization, and biological systems, which are usually constrained by other factors and where space plays a lesser role.

The term network refers to the framework of routes within a system of locations, identified as nodes. A route is a single link between two nodes that are part of a larger network that can refer to tangible routes such as roads and rails, or less tangible routes such as air and sea corridors.

Community participation: using social network analysis to improve developmental benefits

The territorial structure of any region corresponds to a network of all its economic interactions. The implementation of networks, however, is rarely premeditated, but the consequence of continuous improvements as opportunities arise, investments are made, and conditions change.

Securing Cluster Networking with Network Policies - Ahmet Balkan, Google

The setting of networks is the outcome of various strategies, such as providing access and mobility to a region, reinforcing a specific trade corridor or technological developments, making a particular mode, and its network more advantageous over others. A transport network denotes either a permanent track e. It can be extended to cover various types of links between points along which mobility can take place.

The relevance of a network is related to its connectivity. Network structure ranges from centripetal to centrifugal in terms of the accessibility they provide to locations. A centripetal network favors a limited number of locations, while a centrifugal network tends not to convey any specific locational advantages.

Network structures can also be direct or indirect in their connectivity. The most directly connected networks are point-to-point networks where a service originates and ends in a single location. A more complex form involves a route network where there is a sequence of intermediary locations that are serviced along a linear sequence.

Evidence underlines that the emergence of hub-and-spoke networks is a transitional form of network development rationalizing limited volumes through a limited number of routes. When traffic becomes sufficient, direct point-to-point services tend to be established as they better reflect the preference of users.

network analysis of local territorial systems in the salento region, italy

Therefore, the more traffic a network supports, the higher its propensity towards direct connections. Transport networks are better understood by the usage level e. Inequalities between locations can often be measured by the number of links between nodes and the related revenues generated by traffic flows.

Many locations within a network have higher accessibility, which is often related to better opportunities. It can be measured through graph theory and network analysis. These methods rest on the principle that the efficiency of a network depends partially on the lay-out of nodes and links; its topology. Rates thus tend to be influenced by the structure of transportation networks since the hub-and-spoke structure, particularly, had a notable impact on transport costsnamely through economies of scale.

The efficiency of a transportation network is also related to its resiliencewhich is its ability to support disruptions while maintaining a level of service and connectivity. A resilient network remains connected after facing disruptions such as severed nodes or links.Theoretic and practical significance has been highlighted in the research of the roles and functions of destinations, as destinations are restricted by the spatial structure based on tourist flow network from the perspective of relationship.

The automorphic equivalence analysis and centrality analysis were used to classify 16 destinations in TRSA into six role types: tourist flow distribution center, hub of tourist flows, passageway destination, common touring destination, attached touring destination, and nearly isolated destination. Some suggestions were given on suitable infrastructure construction and destinations service designs according to their functions in network. This destination role positioning was based on tourist flow network structure in integral and macroscopic way.

It provided an important reference for the balanced and harmonious development of all the destinations of TRSA. In addition, this article verified the applicability of social network analysis on tourist flow research in local scale, and expanded this method to destination role and function positioning.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Evaluating passive mobile positioning data for tourism surveys: An Estonian case study.

Tourism Management29 5 : — Google Scholar. Boniface B, Cooper C, The Geography of Travel and Tourism. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. Notions of position in social network analysis. Sociological Methodology22 1 : 1— Ucinet 6 Reference Guide. Harward M A: Analytic Technologics.

The Geography of Transportation Networks

Chen Xiuqiong, Huang Fucai, Research on tourism spatial structure and its optimization: A network analysis. Geography and Geo-Information Science22 5 : 75—As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

Nancy Holman, Gert Sabidussi, Eversole, Robyn, You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fan:rissri:v:html See general information about how to correct material in RePEc. For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Angelo Ventriglia. If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here.

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Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services. Economic literature: papersarticlessoftwarechaptersbooks. FRED data. Network analysis of local territorial systems in the Salento region, Italy.

In the past few decades, the development of organizational theories has been followed by a growing interest in the concept of network. This study examines the level of interconnectedness and relational power of stakeholders of four Local Territorial Systems LTSs localized in the province of Lecce, the so-called Salento region South Italyas well as the dominant rationality of each LTS, in order to get significant information about the distribution of decision-making power among stakeholders.

Results revealed that the observed LTSs are characterized by a systemic rationality, and hence the decision-making power is homogeneously distributed among network members. Policy implications for sustainable development are discussed, as well as limitations and avenues for future research.

Handle: RePEc:fan:rissri:v:html Corrections All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. Louis Fed. Help us Corrections Found an error or omission?As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version below or search for a different version of it.

Other versions of this item: Nancy Holman, Eduardo Ivan Palavicini-Corona, A need for change? More about this item Statistics Access and download statistics Corrections All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors.

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network analysis of local territorial systems in the salento region, italy

If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation. Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services. Economic literature: papersarticlessoftwarechaptersbooks.

FRED data. Community participation: using social network analysis to improve developmental benefits. Registered: Nancy E. Current British government policy leans heavily toward a participatory approach to urban development. The alleged benefits range from the growth of trust and social capital to better policy delivery and implementation involving a greater range of actors in the policy process.

Yet, in many cases, poorly carried out partnership and participatory efforts can produce outcomes directly opposite to the benefits listed above. The author examines participation as a structural phenomenon and in doing so offers insights into how relationships could be strengthened in order to avoid these negative outcomes.

Social network analysis is used to examine the structural relationships found within an urban redevelopment project in Portsmouth, England. Through the application of these measures, a number of relational patterns emerged which were not conducive to participation and left community groups feeling overwhelmed and underrepresented.

The author concludes by noting how this technique could be used not only to highlight network imbalances, as seen in the case study, but also to offer community groups proactive advice in developing their network ties and communication structures, thus improving their overall position within the network and helping to deliver better levels of trust and social capital to the process. Nancy Holman, Quantitative and qualitative methods have been used to collect and to analyze data.

Specifically, social networks analysis and focus group discussions helped to triangulate the analysis. Results showed that intersectional integration and confrontation between the partners involved in the planning were both aspects that the participants defined crucial as to improve the strategic planning process, and to ensure a good participation level and the development of more functional communication and decision-making strategies.

Keywords: organizational processes, social network analysis, strategic planning, decision making strategies. DOI: Social research is important and useful not only when contributing to increase to the development of theoretical knowledge, but mostly when it aims to suggest improvement strategies oriented both to make organizations and their processes more efficient.

In view of the above, applied research and specifically evaluation studies could be considered as a privileged field for the development of social surveys' relevant objectives, such as for instance to support decision making processes and to enhance institutional communication processes [ 1 ].

In this vein, organizational communication is seen from a pragmatic perspective which involves actions, relationships, and choices. Indeed, the nature of organizations is strictly linked to actions.

Each organizational dynamic and process is reified through action, thus communication plays a central role since it could be conceived as the basis for most organizational actions [ 23 ]. Hence, it must be assumed that organizational communication eventually leads to action, although not all communication can, nor should it be, associated directly with a specific action [ 4 ].

In other words, communication could be seen as an action taking process since organizations actually are networks of communicative acts [ 5 ].

This perspective helps to identify the goals of organizational communication as far as they relate to different types of action while it also helps to define effective versus poor organizational communication.

Moreover, organizations may be described as entities engaged in social, as well as economic, exchange: in a word as a complex network of relationships [ 6 ]. Since they cannot exist without social communication, action-oriented goals are complemented by the relationship-oriented goals of communication, especially those addressed to external stakeholders [ 4 ].

Finally, the importance of communication to organizational functioning does imply, however, a strong relationship between organizational communication and organizational decision-making.

The policy making, which deals with strategy and assessment of performance in relation to accepted goals, involves somewhat different activities. These may include the development of criteria for decision-making, and the development of feedback measures which provide information about the adequacy of present organizational functioning. Feedback measures in principle can be constructed around any internal organizational process and around any continuing transaction between an organization and its environment [ 78 ].

In this perspective, the present paper aims at presenting a case study showing how psycho-social applied research could be used to improve organizational communication and decision-making processes within the theoretical and concrete framework of participatory planning. In particular, the paper has aimed at illustrating the usefulness of social network analysis [ 910 ] and focus group discussions [ 11121314 ] as precious tools to evaluate communication processes in the socio-institutional network activated by the Lecce Municipality Plan for the strategic planning for a large area, with the aim to strengthen them.

Adopting a multi-method approach [ 1516 ]the study has defined possible strategies to strengthen the network in the next phase of planning and to identify the conditions which would best ensure the functionality of communicative, participatory and decision-making strategies.

In this case, the nodes highlighted by social network analysis have been the representatives of institutions which participated, in different way, to the strategic planning process. Indeed, social networks analysis SNA has helped to look for the existing relations between the members of a group, then, with specific reference to the present study it has been a precious tool to analyses group structure and the role that each member has assumed in the network [ 18 ].

Therefore, social networks analysis has allowed focusing on relationships, rather than on individuals [ 10 ].Masayoshi Hayashi, Padovano, Fabio, Fabio Padovano, Giannola, A. Cited by: G. Ugolini, Should we keep expenditure containment programs alive? Di Novi, C. Revelli Federico, Working PapersUniversity of Turin. Federico Revelli, Signorelli, C. See citations under working paper version above.

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network analysis of local territorial systems in the salento region, italy