Petechiae on legs

People with leukemia are prone to a range of skin-related problems, from rashes and bruising to infections and bleeding into the skin. Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood cells and bone marrow, a tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. When someone has this disease, the cells normally produced in the bone marrow, such as white blood cells, which fight infection; red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body; and platelets, which help form blood clots, will be crowded out by abnormal leukemia cells.

In addition to symptoms like nausea, fever, fatigue, weight loss, and infections, leukemia can also produce a variety of skin conditions such as bruising, rashes, and bleeding. In other cases, some have no skin conditions, Dr. Forrestel says. The more aggressive ones that require stem cell therapy or chemotherapy almost always have skin findings. That can set the stage for bruising.

petechiae on legs

In addition to petechiae, this can appear as purpura larger red or purple areasor ecchymoses bruisesForrestel says. According to Forrestel, these spots usually take weeks to go away, but gentle skin care and avoiding trauma when possible can also help prevent the condition.

During the progression of leukemia, white blood cells neoplastic leukocytes found in bone marrow may begin to filter into the layers of the skin, resulting in lesions. Because leukemia inhibits the development of mature white blood cells, which fight infection, the body is much more susceptible to skin infections.

Once the infection has been diagnosed, healthcare providers prescribe the appropriate antibacterial or antifungal therapy, which may include cream or oral medication, according to Forrestel. One common type of infection patients may develop is folliculitis, an inflammation of the hair follicles. Folliculitis may occur as a result of a bacterial or fungal infection. This is a fungal infection that may appear as white, pink, red, or brown patches on the skin.

This is a common allergic reaction to medication that results in a rash that resembles measles. It usually forms 7 to 10 days after the drug is first taken. This is an inflammation in and around blood vessels. It appears as purple spots, petechiae tiny purple, brown, or red spotsor purple netlike lesions that develop on the skin.

Treatment may include cyclosporine or Prograf tacrolimus. These type of rashes resemble acne and can show up on the face, scalp, neck, chest, and back, resulting in tenderness, irritation, burning, and stinging. Treatments may include retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, hydrocortisone, doxycycline, and antihistamines. In addition to the rash, symptoms may include fever or chills.

The most common treatment for the rash includes a corticosteroid, such as prednisone. By subscribing you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Health Topics. By Nicol Natale. Last Updated: March 27, Petechiae Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood cells and bone marrow, a tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. Bleeding Under the Skin. Leukemia Cutis During the progression of leukemia, white blood cells neoplastic leukocytes found in bone marrow may begin to filter into the layers of the skin, resulting in lesions.

Tinea Ringworm. Morbilliform Drug Eruption. Chemo Rashes.Petechiae look like flat small red, brown, or purple spots on the skin. Petechiae spots form when tiny capillaries break and cause slight bleeding under the skin. The tiny darkened spots usually form in clusters and are called a petechial rash. You may notice a petechiae rash on your legs, feet, arms, or upper body for a number of reasons.

Prolonged straining or trauma can cause a petechial rash on the face or other body parts because of light bleeding under the skin. Also, some medications or medical conditions can also cause tiny purple spots in your mouth, throat, upper body, or legs. Many of the reasons for the appearance of petechiae are harmless; however, the bleeding from broken blood vessels under the skin can also have a serious cause.

Therefore, you should see a doctor about any unexplained clusters of petechiae spots. Doctors describe petechiae as small, pinpoint red spots that are not raised. The flat pinpoint spots form when blood leaks into the layers of the skin, causing a rash-like appearance.

The publication StatPearls says that petechiae spots measure no larger than 2 or 3 mm across. These tiny red or purple spots generally form in groups and look like a red rash. Petechial rashes on children usually require examination by a doctor to diagnose the cause of the bleeding under the skin. The causes of a petechial rash and purpura are usually the same.

Purpura or purpuric rashes are also caused by bleeding in the intradermal layers of the skin. The difference between the two is the size of the spots under the skin.

The journal BMJ reports that a purpuric rash comprises of red or brown spots caused by bleeding into the skin.

The spots are purpuric if they are over 2 or 3 mm in size, whereas smaller petechiae spots are mm in diameter. Larger red or purples spots in the layers of the skin can be called purpura or bruising.

Lupus and Skin Rash

Below you can find images of petechiae on various body parts such as oral petechiae and petechial rash on the leg. Depending on the cause of petechiae spots under your skinyou may have other symptoms.

Knowing the accompanying symptoms with a petechial rash can help doctors diagnose the source of bleeding under the skin. Tiny purple spots on the skin are often connected with small blood vessels and capillaries and often appear on the lower legs, feet, and ankles. Many of the causes of petechiae can result in a petechial rash on the front or side of the legs or ankles. However petechiae can affect other body parts such as the back, arms, abdomen, chest, face and neck.

Any kind of prolonged straining can cause light hemorrhaging of your capillaries, resulting in tiny red or freckle-like spots on your skin. Doctors from the Mayo Clinic report that activities such as weight lifting or giving birth can put a strain on your capillaries. This can result in bleeding under the skin and can cause petechiae on the face or upper body. You may also notice pinpoint brown spots on your face or neck if you suffer from a viral infection or gastroenteritis.

For example, the Indian Dermatology Online Journal reported that forceful vomiting can cause facial petechiae.Petechiae can be described as marks or blotches that normally appear on the skin and are tiny, round, and purplish or reddish in color.

Petechiae are usually pinpoint-sized. Minor hemorrhage bleeding that is localized below the skin is the source of petechiae. Although they mostly appear in clusters, petechiae may also look like a rash.

Usually, petechiae spots appear on the legs although they may also spread or appear on other body parts. They are mostly harmless and do not need any treatment and heal on their own in a few days. In some cases, however, petechiae may not heal naturally and may have other symptoms that require medical attention.

Petechiae are surprisingly fairly common to all people.

Asymptomatic Petechial Eruption on the Lower Legs

As they come as a sign of any of several conditions, it is important that you contact your physician so as to determine the possible cause.

Your physician will help you understand whether it is something serious or minor. Thrombocytopenia is a disorder that is normally characterized by unusual low levels of platelets. Also known as thrombocytes, platelets are colorless blood cells that assist with the clotting of blood. Thrombocytopenia can come as a result of a disorder of the immune system, a serious condition like leukemia, or side effects of particular medications.

These petechiae may also appear due to consistent vomiting, choking, continuous crying, or violent coughing. Petechiae may also be caused by anticoagulants like heparin or warfarin. Strangulation or smothering, for example, may result in petechiae. Petechiae may also be caused by biting, spanking, or being involved in a car crash.

Severe burns may sometimes influence petechiae. Sepsis is a fatal disorder that results from an infection. Sepsis develops when there is a release of chemicals into the bloodstream so as to battle an infection, which in turn causes inflammation all over the body. Sometimes, sepsis may result in septic shock, which is a drop in blood pressure and may lead to death.

This is a hemorrhagic condition whereby internal bleeding beneath the skin can result in spontaneous bruising and petechiae. Rheumatoid arthritis is described as an autoimmune reaction whereby the cartilage in the joints is attacked by white blood cells.

Due to this, rashes, inflammation, and also petechiae may develop on the affected parts. Petechiae may also be linked to discoid lupus erythematosus and systemic lupus erythematosus. Some of the other symptoms that are linked with strep throat are a swollen or dry throat, engorged lymph nodes in your neck, and also throat pain resulting from talking, swallowing, or breathing.

Petechiae linked with this condition appear like a bright red rash that normally spreads all over the body. This rash will look like sunburn or feel like sandpaper.

petechiae on legs

Other scarlet fever symptoms are sore throat, high fever, a flushed face, and a strawberry tongue. There are other possible causes of petechiae, and they include cytomegalovirus infection, endocarditis, Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, viral hemorrhagic feversRocky Mountain spotted fevermeningococcemia, and mononucleosis.

Petechiae: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments (Including Images)

Petechiae may also result from idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, vasculitis, chemotherapy and radiation, Von Willebrand diseaseand viral infections that normally impair the clotting of blood. The symptoms that may accompany petechiae vary with the underlying condition. Flu-like symptoms, malaise, and fever accompany infectious conditions. There are also other symptoms of the particular system that is affected by the infection. Initially, petechiae are red in color and appear like individual blotches.

After some time, they come together and look like a rash. Petechiae are normally flat spots that alter their color as time goes on. If you or a member of your family develop petechiae, it is important that you promptly seek medical attention.DermNet provides Google Translate, a free machine translation service.

Note that this may not provide an exact translation in all languages. Author: Brian Wu PhD. Exercise-induced vasculitis is a harmless form of cutaneous small vessel vasculitis. It is also called golfer's vasculitis. It is a neutrophilic inflammatory disorder involving the small or medium-sized blood vessels of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. When only the small capillary vessels are involved, it is also called exercise-induced capillaritis.

Exercise-induced vasculitis mainly affects one or both lower legs and thighs, with single or multiple episodes of a rash with the following characteristics:. The patient is otherwise well, without fevermalaise or other symptoms. Patients that present with exercise-induced vasculitis are often female and over 50 years of age.

They are most often otherwise healthy and active. It is also suspected that there might be a genetic or familial factor causing susceptibility to exercise-induced vasculitis. Other forms of cutaneous or systemic vasculitis may be aggravated by exercise but are not primarily due to exercise.

In these cases, the vasculitis may be due to an underlying disease or condition. As the name implies, exercise-induced vasculitis is typically induced by strenuous muscle activity, particularly during warm and humid weather. It is thought that the temperature regulation mechanisms within the calf muscles break down, leading to reduced venous return and blood stasis.

The end result is inflammation and vascular injury. Diagnosis of exercise-induced vasculitis can be difficult. It is based on history and physical examination.

Some people may undergo investigations, such as:. Skin biopsy shows leukocytoclastic vasculitis in exercise-induced vasculitis.

Patients with recurrent episodes of exercise-induced vasculitis should avoid vigorous exercise in warm weather. Although there are no reports of their use in exercise-induced vasculitis, active treatments that can control small vessel vasculitis include:.

Systemic steroidseg prednisone, are reserved for severe cutaneous vasculitis eg with blistering or ulcerationand are not necessary for exercise-induced vasculitis. See smartphone apps to check your skin. DermNet NZ does not provide an online consultation service. If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice. Exercise-induced vasculitis — codes and concepts open. Golfer's vasculitis, Exercise-induced capillaritis.

Vascular disorder. Cutaneous small vessel vasculitis, Clinical features of exercise-induced vasculitis, Triggers and diagnosis of exercise-induced vasculitis, Treatment of exercise-induced vasculitis. J Clin Exp Dermatol Res Exercise-induced vasculitis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol.Report Abuse.

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Is this kind petechiae a cause of alarm? I notice my feet and legs have this red tiny spots. After researching from the internet, it fits all the symptoms of petechiae.

Hence, i concluded it is. It only appears on my feet and legs. A few months ago, it was all around my body and i went to seek medical help.

The doctor said it will disappear in a few days and indeed it disappeared. And he did a blood test for me. It was normal. Although the petechiae from my body, the one on the legs still remains.

The petechiae from my leg and ankles are very weird. They turned black or dark brown when i am resting on the sofa and it some or most disappear when i lie down for a long time. However, once i started to stand, it slowly turns red and more will appear when i walk for a very long time.

However, when i sit and rest, it started turning brown. I think it is something due to circulation but i wan to seek some opinions. Answer Question. Read 4 Responses. Follow - 2.

petechiae on legs

Bhupinder Kaur, MD. Hello, Purpura and petechiae are common after skin trauma and viral infections. They should go away in a few days.

But if they persist then please consult a physician and get other causes ruled out which include allergic reaction, autoimmune diseases, thrombocytopenia, ITP or leukemias. Since you are getting it regularly without any trauma evenso your platelets need to be checked.Petechiae are round, small reddish or purplish colored blotches or marks, which appear on the skin.

Petechiae are about pinpoint in size and they look like spots on the skin. The cause of petechiae is minor hemorrhage, i. Petechiae can also resemble a rash; however, they commonly appear in clusters.

The spots of petechiae usually appear on skin of the legs, but they can also appear or spread to other parts of the body. Petechiae are often harmless and do not require any treatment and resolve on their own without needing treatment in just a few days. However, in cases where the petechiae does not disappear or resolve and continues to persist and there are other symptoms along with them, then medical help should be sought.

The cause of Petechiae on the legs is often bleeding or hemorrhage, which lends the color to these spots, such as reddish, brownish or purple in color. If the petechiae appear in clusters, then they resemble a rash on the legs.

Petechiae whether they appear on legs or other areas of the body will generally feel flat to touch and will not lose color upon pressure. In some cases, the appearance of petechiae will be in parts, such as the mouth or the eyelids. If a person has deeper bleeding instead of superficial bleeding under the skin, then the spots will be larger and are known as bruises. Petechiae can be differentiated from extremely prominent blood vessels by application of pressure to the spot.

If the redness is due to the large blood vessel, then the color will temporarily disappear with pressure, whereas in petechiae, the reddish color will not disappear with application of pressure. If the Petechiae appear during an illness then it is a different case. If there is any bacteria present in the blood vessels, especially Meningococcus, which is the cause of spinal meningitis, then this condition can develop in the form of petechiae.

In such cases, it is imperative to seek immediate medical attention, as such type of petechiae in a child or adult is an indication of an extremely fatal case of sepsis, even if the adult or the child does not appear ill whatsoever.

The causes of petechiae on legs are various and include trauma, allergy, pressure and hemorrhage. If there is application of excessive force or pressure to the body tissue, then this stress causes the development of the petechiae spots.

Injury to the blood capillaries on skin can result in hemorrhage, which causes leakage of red blood cells from the capillaries resulting in their accumulation beneath the skin, which is known as petechiae. Accumulation of blood beneath the skin after an injury can be more, especially if there is no cut or opening beneath the surface of the skin for the blood to escape.

petechiae on legs

Petechiae on Legs Caused Due to Medications: There are certain medications, which cause allergic reactions resulting in appearance of petechiae on the skin. Petechiae can also develop as side effects of certain medications, such as aspirin, heparin, warfarin and cortisone. Fever Causing Petechiae on Legs: Individuals who are suffering from fever are more likely to develop petechiae.

The cause of this is often related to Meningococcus bacterium in the blood. Petechiae on Legs Caused Due to Cancer: Bone marrow cancer and leukemia are fatal medical conditions, which lower the platelet count. This is considered as a major cause of petechiae.

Exercise-induced vasculitis

Thrombocytopenia Can Cause Petechiae on Legs: Thrombocytopenia is a disease which occurs due to decreased levels of platelet in the body and cause appearance of petechiae. Thrombocytopenia can also occur as a result of side effects of medicines, which a person takes when suffering from an infection.

This impairs the function of the platelets leading to development of petechiae. Other Causes of Petechiae on Legs: Some of the other causes for development of petechiae on the legs include autoimmune diseases and viral infections.

Color of Petechiae on Legs: The color of petechiae on legs initially appears as red, but over the time changes to bluish or purplish color. In the last stages, the petechiae spots change color to dark blue or a dark purple. The color of petechiae spots is usually red in the beginning then changes to brown and then purple.

Sometimes, due to oxidation of blood, the petechiae spots appear as brown or dark purple. Size of Petechiae on Legs: The size of the petechiae spots is around 1 to 2 mm.

In later stages, the size of the petechiae spots does not exceed more than 0. Appearance of Petechiae on Legs: In the initial stages of the petechiae spots, they occur sparsely but gradually as their appearance and number increases they incline to cluster together. The petechiae after their initial appearance on the legs can later be appear on other parts of the body such as ankles, thigh, face, shoulders and back.Forgot your password?

Or sign in with one of these services. I hate to do this, y'all, but I'm so busy these days I don't want to hit the student health center up if I don't have to. Tonight when I got undressed for bed I noticed the inner aspect of both my legs from mid-thigh to lower calf are just covered in petechiae. It looks like a really diffuse hickey, or like the marks you get when you itch something too hard. It doesn't itch at all, though, and I'm not using any new detergent or soap or anything.

I've been really tired recently, but hey, I just started nrsg school so that might not be significant. Could be idiopathic thrompocytopenia purpura, which is a clotting disorder. You need to get bloodwork done ASAP with particular attention paid to platelets. Promise us that if you feel any worse - at all - please please go to the ER - straight away. I worry because I have seen far too many meningococcus infections where the first sign was petechiae. Oh jeebus, I'm in a dorm, too. Hopefully the sleeping thing will happen soon, and then I will be banging on the health center door first thing.

Thanks so much for the help and advice, y'all! Let's all pray it's a non-pruritic heat rash or something! Or mono.

I could live with mono I doubt you have it but please be careful - I am keeping my fingers crossed that this is nothing more than an allergy or something equally silly. I do so love having free health care thru student services, so I won't do something dumb like wait. Although I just called the 24 hour clinician number and woke up the psychiatrist on call - I guess that's the only after hours service they have!

Unfortunately, my "first thing in the morning" turned out to be 4pm slept straight through my alarm I'll let y'all know what happens Update: I got the "it's probably a virus" brush-off, but they told me to stay home from clinicals today, eat toast and fluids, and did a CBC and Chem 7, told me to come back if I wasn't better by Friday. This site uses cookies. By using this site, you consent to the placement of these cookies.

General Nursing. World Leaders. Or sign in with one of these services Sign in with Google. Sign in with Facebook. Nurses General Nursing petechiae on legs.